How Alcohol and Drug Evaluations can Help Individuals

DOT drug screens are an important part of the Department of Transportation’s (DOT) drug and alcohol testing program. DOT drug screens are performed to ensure that commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers are not impaired by drugs or alcohol. DOT drug screens are conducted using urine specimens. Drivers are required to provide a urine specimen for testing at a DOT-certified laboratory. The specimen is then tested for the presence of drugs or alcohol. There are several different types of DOT drug screens that can be performed, depending on the type of CMV driver being tested. The most common type of DOT drug screen is the pre-employment drug screen. This type of drug screen is required for all CMV drivers who are applying for a job with a DOT-regulated company. The pre-employment drug screen is a urine test that looks for the presence of drugs or alcohol. The test is typically conducted at a DOT-certified laboratory. Drivers who are applying for a job with a DOT-regulated company are required to take the pre-employment drug screen. The next most common type of DOT drug screen is the random drug screen. Random drug screens are performed on CMV drivers who are already employed by a DOT-regulated company

It is important to know what to do if you fail a DOT drug screen. The first step is to contact your employer. They will likely have a procedure in place for handling this type of situation. It is important to follow their instructions carefully as you will need to complete a drug treatment program in order to get back to work. If you are not a CDL holder, you may still be subject to disciplinary action from your employer. They may require you to complete a drug treatment program before you are allowed to return to work. It is important to seek help if you are struggling with drug addiction. There are many resources available to help you get through this difficult time.

For today’s talk I would like to specifically talk about CBD and the problem with it being so widely available without the proper warnings needed for this to occur. Companies across America do not adequately address the dangers of CBD oil. CBD oil is a hemp-derived extract that contains levels of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. While CBD oil is not currently regulated by the DOT, it is legal in many states. This means that CBD oil is readily available to truck drivers and other commercial vehicle operators, who are then able to use it while on the job. You might be thinking to yourself, but CBD is safe they sell it at the grocery store or “the guy behind the counter told me it was 0%”

CBD is short for cannabidiol. It is one of over 100 cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has shown promise in treating a variety of medical conditions.

CBD is thought to have originated in Central Asia. The region is home to some of the world’s oldest civilizations, including the Chinese and Mongol empires. CBD was likely introduced to Europe and the Americas through the Silk Road trade route.

CBD is found in both hemp and marijuana plants. However, CBD from hemp is legal in all 50 states, while CBD from marijuana is still illegal in many states. This is because hemp plants contain very little THC, the psychoactive compound in marijuana.

CBD has a wide range of potential medical applications. It has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety, depression, and pain. CBD is also being studied for its potential to treat other medical conditions, such as epilepsy, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease.

THC is the main active ingredient in marijuana and is responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects. When THC enters the brain, it binds to cannabinoid receptors, which are found in high concentrations in the hippocampus, cerebellum, and basal ganglia. These areas are responsible for memory, movement, and coordination. THC alters the normal function of these brain regions and can result in impaired memory, difficulty with motor skills, and changes in mood.

THC also affects the brain’s reward system, which is responsible for reinforcing behaviors that are essential for survival, such as eating and reproduction. THC activates the reward system by increasing the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine. This activation of the reward system can lead to compulsive drug seeking and abuse.

Long-term exposure to THC can result in changes in the brain that persist even after the person stops using the drug. These changes can lead to problems with learning and memory, and increased anxiety and paranoia.

The problem with this is that THC can impair a person’s ability to drive safely and because there is currently no way to differentiate between someone getting the THC in their system via actual marijuana or CBD. THC can cause drivers to have slower reaction times, make poor decisions, and even fall asleep at the wheel. In fact, studies have shown that THC is just as impairing as alcohol. And, like alcohol, the effects of THC can last for several hours after use. This means that a truck driver who uses CBD oil before getting behind the wheel could be in real risk of losing their license even though they thought the product they were using was mundane.

It is important that the DOT address this issue and put regulations in place to ensure that CBD oil is not used by commercial vehicle operators while on the job. Otherwise, the SAP program will continue to be a great way to improve our nation.

What to Expect from a Drug and Alcohol Evaluation?

Alcohol and Drug Evaluation marietta mainly help assess drug or alcohol abuse. They determine if you have used drugs or alcohol for any period of time and if you have problems with substance abuse. Drug and alcohol assessments may be required by future employers or may be ordered by the court after a drunk driving or other illegal activity involving drugs or alcohol. Attorneys may use drug and alcohol reviews with plaintiffs or defendants to uphold the proceedings.

Addiction Treatment Centers can also use drug and alcohol screenings to determine the amount of care needed for a client. Alcohol and drug evaluations usually take about sixty to ninety minutes. A certified addiction expert will guide you through all the necessary steps. This process typically involves pre-screening, an evaluation, follow-up meetings, and treatment referrals. The screening itself helps determine if there is a problem, while the evaluation assesses the depth of the problem. Some substance abuse screenings may dive deeper by including a mental health assessment to determine if you are suffering from a mental illness at the same time.

Usually, questions asked at an alcohol and drug evaluation georgia will revolve around substance abuse history, family history of substance use, mental health status, and even physical and medical health issues. The assessment process is more than just a list of questions, it is also a way to further diagnose and assess the results of the screening.

With a proper diagnosis of results, personalized follow-up plans can be created as a result of having a drug or alcohol use disorder. It is always always better if an individual can get the help they need for substance abuse when first recognized, to avoid getting into any troublesome situations but this is not always the case. Law enforcement agencies may invoke court orders to assess drug use for illegal activities such as drunk driving or possession of illegal drugs.

Social workers investigating a child’s home environment may also recommend a parent do an alcohol and drug assessment to show in court. After court-ordered alcohol and drug evaluation marietta, you may be ordered to complete certain requirements that if completed in a timely manner will help in your recovery process and put you in good standing with the court. These requirements can be anywhere along the lines of attending a DUI Alcohol or Drug Risk Reduction Program, being subject to random drug/alcohol urine screenings, and inpatient rehab if necessary.

$89 Alcohol and Drug Evaluation Georgia

Substance abuse and addiction can play a significant part in an individual’s everyday life. These conditions have negative influences on so many levels and should be taken seriously. They can go so far as to cause damage to relationships, the mind, the body, productivity, and creativity. When drug and alcohol abuse gets out of control, an individual can even find themselves engaging in activities and behaviors that could endanger their health and the safety of those around them. When a substance abuse disorder gets to this point, help is needed, whether by choice, a law requirement, or intervention organized by friends, family, and other loved ones. The next best step would be to seek an alcohol and drug evaluation or assessment.

The Purpose

The primary purpose of an Alcohol and Drug Evaluation is to comprehensively assess any symptoms present in an individual regarding alcohol and drug use. After taking a deeper look into the symptoms present, the evaluation will determine whether these symptoms constitute an addictive disease or co-occurring psychiatric disorder. Think of an alcohol and drug evaluation as a tool used by doctors and addiction specialists to assess the level and extent of an individual’s drug, alcohol, and other addictive substance abuse and misuse. The evaluation will also serve as the primary reference point in determining how the addiction specialists will approach treating and rehabilitating an individual to achieve the best possible level of success. In many cases, treatment for such problems can only begin after an evaluation has been conducted.

The Administration

An Alcohol and Drug Evaluation is confidentially administered on an outpatient basis in a private setting. This ensures that all information is kept confidential and reserved only for exclusive use in treatment recommendations. Different experts and professionals have been trained to provide drug and alcohol assessments—social workers, therapists, psychologists, counselors, nurses, and doctors. Alcohol and drug evaluations allows these professionals to assess addictive behaviors for various substances, including methamphetamines, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, alcohol, etc. Virtually every aspect of an individual’s substance abuse history and contributing factors will be considered during the evaluation process. This includes medical history, mental health, social life, interpersonal relationships, occupation, family ties, education, and legal history. This is all made possible through standardized psychometric tests, answers to interview questions, medical history reports, and previous psychiatric or psychological assessments.

The Process

There is so much helpful information and insight to be gained from an alcohol and drug evaluation; the process is pretty straightforward. Most alcohol and drug evaluation include intake forms with pre-screening assessments and questionnaires followed by a one-on-one interview. Like visiting the doctor’s office for a routine check-up or physical, intake forms must be completed before the evaluated person can meet with their evaluator. You will be asked to provide basic personal background information and fill out a standardized questionnaire about your current alcohol or drug use, your health history, your behavioral patterns, any symptoms you are experiencing, and the effects of the substance on your life. This “screening” phase is a preliminary evaluation that gives the evaluator a brief overview of the situation that warrants a more in-depth look. Several types of questionnaires can be used in the screening process. The most commonly used are Alcohol Use Inventories (AUI) and Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventories (SASSI).

The next step includes meeting with an appointed clinician or medical professional for a face-to-face interview. The interviewer will ask standard and open-ended questions to ensure they receive information that’s over and beyond what’s been provided in pre-screening questionnaires. This allows them to cross-examine and find out more about your habits and patterns regarding substance use. You can expect questions about your family history; this determines whether any of your family members have had alcohol or drug dependence issues. Alcohol and Drug dependency is believed to be hereditary. If any member of your family falls into this category, there’s a possibility that this may have negatively influenced you. You can also expect questions about consumption; how much of a given substance you consume and the frequency in which the substance is consumed. Studies have shown that those who started abusing substances early are more likely to have consumption problems later. You can also expect questions about how the consumption of alcohol and drugs affects your work, family, and personal life. The greater the effect, the greater the likelihood that an underlying substance abuse issue is present. There will even be questions about your readiness to change. The interviewer will ask about what you learned from the alcohol and drug evaluation experience and if you have a desire to change your habits in any way. We realize that being asked numerous questions about one’s personal life and practices can feel overwhelming. Still, one should consider that completing an alcohol and drug evaluation will be an essential first step to receiving a proper diagnosis.

The Outcome

Following the comprehensive interview process, the evaluation will conclude with an individualized diagnosis and written report, including suggested counseling options if it is determined that there is an existing alcohol and drug problem. If appropriate, this intervention phase can include a referral to an addiction treatment program. Treatment recommendations will not be the same for each individual; they will be personalized based on an individual’s unique history, current situation, strengths, and needs.

The Conclusion

An alcohol and drug evaluation does not have to be an intimidating experience; it can be very positive and life-changing. The conversation you will have with your evaluator can be viewed as an opportunity to learn more about addiction and find the tools and resources needed for rehabilitation. Alcohol and drug evaluation provide professional treatment recommendations that can assist an individual in obtaining education and therapy around their alcohol and drug issues—being able to recognize the presence of a problem is the first step in working towards a resolution. Lastly, an alcohol and drug evaluation can also be an eye-opening experience for both the individual and their loved ones; it offers a compelling and undeniable case for the pursuance of sobriety

Georgia Anger Management Program

Anger management Evaluation is sometimes misunderstood as only for persons under court or probation orders. In truth, many people enroll in anger management workshops on their own to learn how to deal with unpleasant situations in their life that are caused by their emotional response to anger. They are designed to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills they need to live a happy and healthy life even in the face of adversity.

Anger management classes are a fantastic resource for anyone coping with anger difficulties, whether it’s for a court-related matter or as a means of reaching personal intervention. Low self-esteem, underlying mental health illnesses, anxiety, despair, sorrow, and even societal conditioning are all factors that might lead to problems related to anger without you even realizing it. The hard part is practically over once you recognize and accept anger as an issue in your daily life.

It may take some time to realize that an anger management program is what you may need to help combat this issue, but it is a massive step in the right direction. You can ask your doctor or a qualified mental health expert to refer you to a program that is right for you. Another strategy to guarantee you have options to pick from until you find one that best suits you is to look for recommendations and resources online. Speaking with someone who has previously taken anger management classes will help you prepare even more.

If you have any doubts, this will give you an idea of what to expect from an anger management course. Individual sessions and group therapy settings are usually a part of these anger-management courses. Individual counseling allows you to talk about your issues with your facilitator and delve deep into any underlying matters since these sessions are held privately and on a one-on-one basis. This type of treatment selection allows for a more individualized approach to developing appropriate coping strategies for anger.

Group therapy sessions will let you hear about the experiences of others, which will help you understand your anger better. These sessions also serve as a support network for students in the same group who are going through similar experiences. It is common for counselors and evaluators to combine group therapy with individual counseling to ensure that you receive the support you require outside of their office.

AACS Counseling Certified Drug Addiction Specialist Georgia

Alcohol and drug evaluation primarily assists in determining drug or alcohol abuse. They determine if you have used drugs or alcohol for an extended period and if a substance abuse problem is related. If you fail a pre-employment drug screen, a prospective employer may request a drug and alcohol evaluation.

The courts may also order an alcohol and drug evaluation following a drunk driving incident or other illegal drug or alcohol-related activity. Attorneys sometimes use alcohol and drug evaluations to help a client on trial. Alcohol and drug evaluations typically last 60 to 90 minutes.

A certified drug addiction specialist will walk you through each step. The alcohol and drug evaluation procedure typically includes preliminary examinations, follow-up appointments, and treatment referrals. The review determines whether or not there is a problem, whereas the assessment determines the extent of the problem. Some substance abuse evaluations are more in-depth than others, so they may include a mental health assessment to determine whether or not you have a mental illness associated with substance use.

When evaluating alcohol and drug abuse, questions commonly asked can relate to your history of substance use, your family’s history of substance use, mental health conditions, and even physical and medical health problems. The evaluation process is more than just a series of questions; it is also a means of further diagnosing and evaluating the screening results. An individualized follow-up plan for treatment will be given at the end of the alcohol and drug evaluation. To avoid unfavorable situations and circumstances, it is always best to seek help for your substance abuse as soon as it is discovered.

Following court-ordered alcohol and drug evaluation, you may be asked to complete specific requirements that, if met promptly, will aid in your recovery process and place you in a better position with the court. These requirements may include participation in alcohol or drug risk reduction programs, random urine drug/alcohol testing, and, if necessary, inpatient/outpatient rehabilitation. The results of an evaluation can help in many ways.

Law enforcement agencies may rely on court-ordered assessments to determine the outcome of charges related to illegal activities such as drunk driving or drug possession. A social worker who investigates a child’s home environment may look at a parent’s evaluation results to determine their fitness to care for a child.

Anger Management Programs Georgia

Anger management programs help aid in the process of learning to recognize signs that you’re becoming angry and taking action to calm yourself and deal with the situation in a productive way. There is a big misconception that anger management programs try to keep you from feeling anger or encourage you to hold it in.

This is not true at all because anger is a normal, healthy emotion when you know how to express it appropriately. Along with learning how to express appropoitalye, learning behavioral skills is also an essential part of anger management. You may learn anger management skills on your own, using books or other resources, but for many people, taking an anger management class or seeing a mental health professional is the most effective approach.

Anger management classes or counseling for anger management can be done in a group or one-on-one with your partner or peers that are also attending classes. The setting, length and number of sessions vary, depending on the program or counselor and your needs. Anger management courses or counseling can be brief or last for weeks or months, depending on your situation.

Improving your ability to manage anger has several benefits and can help you tremendously when practiced daily. You’ll feel as if you have more control when you’re faced with life’s challenges. In the end, knowing how to express yourself assertively means you won’t feel the frustration of holding in your anger.

Outpatient Drug Rehab Program(s) Georgia

Successful substance abuse treatment can help individuals stop using drugs or alcohol, maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and lead a happy, healthy, meaningful life through recovery. Because addiction is an illness, most people cannot correctly recover just by refraining from drug use for a few days. That’s not how addiction associated with substance abuse works, unfortunately. Long-term or repeated care is typically required to achieve a goal of continued abstinence and recovery which is why rehabilitation programs are so effective. When entering a rehabilitation program to treat drug or alcohol addiction, a person chooses between an inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation program. Drug withdrawal is necessary when addiction is severe and supportive; inpatient treatment is always in the person’s best interest. But when the habit isn’t severe, outpatient treatment is a convenient and flexible way to get help dealing with drug and alcohol addiction.

A Better Life Treatment

our staff understands that addiction can take a heavy toll on your mental, physical, and emotional health. We are dedicated to providing you with all the necessary resources and support you need to overcome your addiction and get your life back on track. Our outpatient treatment program will motivate you to live a sober life and help you continue taking positive steps on your road to recovery. Outpatient rehabilitation is a cheaper alternative to inpatient rehabilitation that can effectively treat those in need. Outpatient rehabilitation is for people who want to get over their addiction but don’t want to stay in an inpatient facility or hospital. Addiction should not be taken lightly. If you or someone you know is having trouble quitting alcohol or using substances, you should seek treatment right away before the addiction becomes more difficult to stop.

Early Stages of Addiction

Because the early stages of addiction often require less intensive around-the-clock treatment, this makes outpatient rehab the perfect option for anyone whose addiction isn’t severe. Outpatient rehabilitation can also be an ideal first step if you have only recently started abusing substances. Remember that, unlike inpatient care, you are exposed to a lot of pressure and temptation that leads to substance abuse in the first place. This can be positive if you feel prepared to deal with these stressors while treating the problem.

What to Expect in an Outpatient Drug Rehab Program

Outpatient rehabilitation programs include group and individual therapy sessions. The most effective outpatient treatment programs also include wellness programs that help promote physical and mental health. By combining wellness with other therapeutic interventions, outpatient treatment programs can help heal your body and mind. For many people, outpatient treatment can be one of the last steps in a formal addiction treatment plan. Recovery is a lifelong process, but the goal of an addiction treatment program is to provide a network of support and the tools needed to succeed.

Benefits of Outpatient Drug Rehab Program

Our outpatient drug rehab treatment program allows patients to receive intensive treatment while returning home at night. This is a much-preferred option for patients who have family, friends, or loved ones willing to and can continue supporting recovery at home. This option is also beneficial for patients who need to continue working during treatment. We understand that parents and professionals have busy schedules and obligations that may prevent them from taking substantial breaks from their jobs and families to address their addiction. This causes people to go through their daily lives and activities without getting the help they need, ultimately intensifying addiction. With outpatient rehabilitation programs, busy individuals can check in for treatment on weekdays while still getting home with enough time to perform their family and work duties

Your outpatient treatment program may look like this:
● A brief weekly session at your treatment center
● Check-ins with a practitioner to monitor your health
● Individual counseling to strengthen your mental health and coping skills
● Group therapy to share recovery experiences and learn life skills
● Family therapy to heal relationships and build your support system
● Complementary therapies to increase confidence, stress relief, and overall well-being.

One of the essential features to look for when choosing an outpatient drug and alcohol recovery program is support. Without support, you’re on your own to deal with temptation, withdrawal, and a slew of other problems that can arise while you battle addiction. All patients seeking substance abuse treatment should have access to round-the-clock support at their facility. Finally, many people appreciate that an outpatient rehab program is more cost-effective. Because of everything in an inpatient setting, inpatient alcohol and drug rehab programs are often more expensive. You may find that an outpatient recovery program is more economical once you transfer to the outpatient world

Mental Health Evaluation Georgia

When things start to change and affect your mental health, it is not always easy to pinpoint the problem or its source. You might start feeling alone in the world and without anyone available to listen to your thought process. Mental Health evaluation are offered when situations like this occur. Evaluations help doctors, counselors, psychologists, or licensed professionals better understand how individuals think, reason, feel, and remember.

This is just the beginning; a mental health professional can diagnose several mental health disorders through a series of questions and tests. Co-occurring substance use disorder is often associated with mental health, which is an addition to determining if a mental health condition is present. Depression, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse and addictive disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and psychotic disorders are some of the most commonly diagnosed.

During your mental health evaluation, you might find yourself working with different professionals specialized in mental health, depending on where you choose to do your assessment. Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat mental health disorders along with the ability to prescribe medication. Psychologists carry doctoral degrees and sometimes medical degrees that allow for the diagnosis and treatment of disorders without the privileges of prescribing medicine unless they are carrying a special license. Licensed social workers can also work with you as they are schooled and trained in mental health. Even though they cannot prescribe medication, they often work with providers that do. Licensed professional counselors can offer counseling on various mental health issues and work with providers that prescribe medicine.

No matter the type of evaluator you come across, you can expect mental health evaluations to be conducted in a professional manner and setting. There is no need to be nervous, as the purpose of the assessment is to help your licensed professional understand your mental health needs to determine proper treatment planning geared towards a path to recovery.

The earlier you can catch a mental health situation,  the better to prevent it from getting worse or occurring at all. An unusual drop of functionality and daily activities, once noticed, can raise a lot of concern to family members or loved ones. Along with that, some people experience changing sleeping patterns and eating habits. You also have a loss of desire, mood changes, paranoia, and feelings of disconnection from surroundings as signs and symptoms that indicate the need for a mental health evaluation.

It is not required, but if an individual would like to prepare for an evaluation, it would be good to think about the reasons for the assessment. Think about the thoughts and feelings you had days and weeks before the evaluation, write them down, and bring them to the appointment. This is an excellent way to ensure that you don’t forget to talk about anything in the evaluation. You might think about how often the symptoms last, how long they occur, when they first started, and even things that make the symptoms worse. The more information you give during an evaluation, the better.

Alcohol and Drug Evaluations Georgia

Alcohol and drug evaluations primarily help evaluate drug or alcohol abuse. They determine whether you have been using drugs or alcohol over some time and whether you have a substance abuse problem. A prospective employer may require drug and alcohol evaluations. The courts can also order an alcohol and drug evaluation to be done after a drunk driving or illegal drug or alcohol-related activity. Attorneys may use drug and alcohol evaluations to support an individual on trial or facing punishment. Drug dependence treatment centers may also perform drug and alcohol testing to determine how much treatment a client needs.

Alcohol and drug evaluations usually take 60 to 90 minutes to complete. A certified drug addiction specialist will guide you through all the necessary steps. This process usually includes preliminary examinations and evaluation, follow-up appointments, and referrals for treatment. The review itself helps determine if there is a problem, whereas the assessment determines the depth of the problem. Some substance abuse evaluations can be more in-depth, so they may include a mental health assessment to decide whether or not you also have a mental illness associated with substance abuse.

When evaluating alcohol and drug abuse, questions commonly asked relate to a history of substance abuse, family history of substance use, mental health conditions, and even physical and medical health problems. The evaluation process is not just a list of questions; it is also a way to diagnose further and evaluate the screening results. An individualized follow-up plan for drug or alcohol use will be established if the results are correctly analyzed. It’s always best to get the help you need with your substance abuse when it is first discovered to avoid unwanted situations and circumstances.

Law enforcement agencies may refer to court-ordered evaluations to determine the outcome of drug use for illegal activities, such as drunk driving or possession of illicit drugs. A social worker who studies a child’s home environment may recommend that parents undergo an alcohol and drug evaluation to determine if they are fit to care for a child. After a court has ordered an alcohol and drug evaluation, you may be requested to fulfill specific requirements that, if met promptly, will aid in your recovery process and put you in a better position with the court. These requirements can range from attending alcohol or drug risk reduction programs, random urine drug/alcohol testing, and inpatient/outpatient rehabilitation if needed.

Counselors of SAP Evaluation(s) Georgia

When a Department of Transportation (DOT) regulated employee refuses a drug/alcohol test or tests positive for any substance, they are required to complete the Return-to-Duty process before returning to work. The first step in the process is to be evaluated by a DOT qualified Substance Abuse Professional also known as an SAP evaluator.

When meeting with a Substance Abuse Professional they will undergo an evaluation and assessment. The substance abuse professional that you meet with is a critical part of the SAP evaluation because they have extensive experience in substance use diagnosis and treatment.

Their job is to ensure you have the tools to safely return to work after a failed drug test. Usually, the employer provides a list of certified SAP evaluators but you can also do research and contact your own SAP evaluator as long as they are DOT certified. During the evaluation, the evaluator will look over your case, have you complete one or more assessment tools, and ask a variety of personal questions to get more information.

These questions are harmless and geared towards helping you get back to work so there is no need to be nervous. Your best bet is to answer the questions honestly, just like you would in a therapy session or a conversation with a friend. After your SAP evaluation, your evaluator will outline a plan for your Return-to-Duty process which in most cases includes a unique treatment plan.

This may include substance abuse awareness classes, individual counseling, or whatever level of care is appropriate for your individual case. They will refer you to places where you can complete the required education and/or treatment. Once the education and/or treatment recommendations have been completed, you will go through a final evaluation, which usually consists of a urinalysis, to assess your readiness for job re-entry.

Service Area